Trading Strategies Revealed – “Inside Bar + Pin Bar” review

Trend reversal trading strategy “Inside Bar + Pin Bar” is designed mainly for Forex and can be used on all currency pairs on any time frames.

What is the “Inside Bar”

An “inside bar” pattern is a two-bar price action trading strategy in which the inside bar is smaller and within the high to low range of the prior bar, i.e. the high is lower than the previous bar’s high, and the low is higher than the previous bar’s low.

What is the “Pin Bar”

A pin bar pattern consists of one price bar, typically a candlestick price bar, which represents a sharp reversal and rejection of price. The pin bar reversal as it is sometimes called, is defined by a long tail, the tail is also referred to as a “shadow” or “wick”. The area between the open and close of the pin bar is called its “real body”, and pin bars generally have small real bodies in comparison to their long tails.

Initial back-test

To run a back-test we have coded a complete Inside Bar trading strategy as a MetaTrader 4 Expert Advisor. During preliminary analysis we have identified that the best time frame for Inside Bar trading strategy is 1 hour (H1). We have run a back-test of Inside Bar trading strategy. For our test as a trade exit rule we have used a Trailing Stop of 30 pips which is launched after a trade has started and is modified each new 1 pip of profit. From our point of view, such approach allows to maximize profit and minimize drawdown.

We have run the test for 2010.01.01-2020.01.01 using Every Tick modelling on EURUSD-H1, using 1:1 leverage, without reinvestment, assuming spread equals 10 ticks. These are the main parameters of Inside Bar + Pin Bar trading strategy performance at its non-optimized state:

ROI# of tradesWinning ratioMax. drawdown

Trading data analysis

After running the initial test of a simple non-filtered strategy we perform a trading data analysis that allows to identify possible filters to use to make the strategy more profitable reducing the drawdown simultaneously.

The following charts may give some possible insights on which filters to apply (time sessions, day of week limitation, trend strength threshold, overbought/oversold conditions, volatility range) to turn this strategy profitable should you decide to use this strategy in your investment portfolio:


Inside Bar + Pin Bar can be used with other indicators to filter out losing trades and make entry signals more accurate. After analysing trading data we have found the following insights which have helped us to make the + Pin Bar trading strategy profitable reducing it’s drawdown in 20 times:

  • Trades that were opened at a too high value of ADX have appeared to bring more losses when trading “Inside Bar + Pin Bar” trading strategy during 2009 – 2020. ADX shows the power of the current trend and it is more reasonable to take trades at the beginning of a trend.
    (ROI increase -5.6% ->-1.6 %, Drawdown reduction 57.39% ->21.59%)
  • The majority of trades that were opened at a boundary state of RVI Signal were losing when trading “Inside Bar + Pin Bar” trading strategy during 2009 – 2020. It is preferred to take trades at a more stable market.
    (ROI increase -5.6% ->-1.3 %, Drawdown reduction 57.39% ->19.69%)
  • Most of the trades that were opened at a too high and a too low values of RSI were losing when trading “Inside Bar + Pin Bar” trading strategy during 2009 – 2020. RSI measures the magnitude of most recent price changes to evaluate the overbought and oversold zones.
    (ROI increase -5.6% ->-1.2 %, Drawdown reduction 57.39% ->13.07%)

Optimization results

We have analysed data received from a test of Inside Bar + Pin Bar trading strategy during 2009 — 2020 years and applied some filters such as ADX, RVI and RSI. As a result, the profitability of the strategy has increased from -5.65% up to 1.8% and it’s drawdown has reduced from 57.39% to 5.61% using leverage 1:1.

Post-optimization back-test

Reducing the drawdown has allowed us to increase the leverage that can be used while trading this strategy up to 1:50, which in turn, has resulted in annualized ROI increase up to 87.6%!

Reducing the drawdown has also allowed us to use risk based lot calculation. Below you can see the back-test results using $10,000 initial balance and 3% risk per trade:

ROI# of tradesWinning ratioMax. drawdown

Analyze your trading strategy!

If you have a trading strategy that you want to analyse, optimize and increase its profitability (or even turn it from losing into a profitable Forex trading strategy) – feel free to contact us! Our trading data analysis team will respond to you within 24 hours clarifying all the details needed.

Our company specializes on automated trading systems and trading indicators development for the most popular trading platforms, such as MetaTrader 4/5, NinjaTrader 7/8 and cTrader.

If you need your own automated trading software designed based on your individual requirements, make a request for a free consultation with our team of professional programmers and find out the cost and terms of your project development.

Disclaimer: Hypothetical or Simulated performance results have certain limitations, unlike an actual performance record, simulated results do not represent actual trading. Also, since the trades have not been executed, the results may have under-or-over compensated for the impact, if any, of certain market factors, such as lack of liquidity.

Simulated trading programs in general are also subject to the fact that they are designed with the benefit of hindsight. No representation is being made that any account will or is likely to achieve profit or losses similar to those shown.

Past performance is not necessarily indicative of future results. The customer is responsible for using the product at his or her own risk and “Nordman Algorithms” is not responsible for any possible losses caused by use of the product, including but not limited to losses.